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題名:網路人際關係的親疏遠近
書刊名:國立臺灣大學社會學刊
作者:黃厚銘
作者(外文):Huang, Hou-ming
出版日期:2000
卷期:28
頁次:頁117+119-154
主題關鍵詞:距離身分認同人格陌生人社交齊穆爾高夫曼電腦網路DistanceIdentityPersonalityStrangerSociabilitySimmelGoffmanInternet
原始連結:連回原系統網址new window
相關次數:
  • 被引用次數被引用次數:期刊(20) 博士論文(6) 專書(1) 專書論文(0)
  • 排除自我引用排除自我引用:20
  • 共同引用共同引用:17
  • 點閱點閱:1576
本文主張網路人際關係的特色在於它們是以網路的媒介特性為基礎,而建立起虛擬社區中陌生人與陌生人之間的接觸。本文從網路的媒介特性著手,主張電腦網路同時具有隔離與連結的功能,進而指出匿名性只捕捉到網路人際關係的部份特性,而化名才是網路人際關係的真正基礎所在。本文利用高夫曼的戲劇理論來分析網友們如何在網路的表演舞台上利罔其隔離功能所提供的彈性,隱匿部份或全部真實世界的身分,再利用網路的連結功能,與其他的陌生人相連結,在互動中探索自我認同。在此,本文還引進布爾迪厄對社會世界實作邏輯的分析,借用其關於遊戲的概念架構,來凸顯網路上探索自我認同的遊戲乃是建立在網友間幻想的交互感應。其次,本文運用德國社會學家齊穆爾對陌生人這個互動類型的分析,並延伸其形式社會學關於距離的討論,說明網路上的陌生人之間的人際關係,會呈現出似近實遠、似遠實近的特色。並據此將網路上的人際關係予以分類,以便我們瞭解那些在網路上聊天、交友的使用者們所從事的各式各樣活動。
This essay argues that the most prominent trait of the interpersonal relations in cyberspace is the contacts between strangers,which is based on the special function of internet. We find thatinternet has the dual effects of connecting and isolating; therefore,anonymity cannot grasps the main mechanism of the interpersonalrelations in cyberspace fully, instead, pseudonymity would be abetter term. We utilize the dramaturgical model of Erving Goffman to show how netizens use the functions mentioned above tohide their identies in real life and make friends with otherstrangers in cyberspace simultaneously. And we introduce PierreBourdieu analytical framework of game to explain the basis ofexploring with self-identity in cyberspace is the interaction betweenillusions of netizens. Finally, this paper extends Georg Simmel'sanalysis of strangers and gives his concept of distance After elaboration of this concept, we argue that the interpersonal relations ofstrangers in cyberspace exhibits the combined characteristics offarness and closeness, besides, of strangeness and intimacy.
期刊論文
1.Fischer, Claude S.(1995)。The Subcultural Theory of Urbanism: A Twentieth-Year Assessment。American Journal of Sociology,101(3),543-577。  new window
2.Wellman, Barry(1979)。The community question: The intimate networks of East Yorkers。American Journal of Sociology,84(5),1201-1231。  new window
3.Wirth, Louis(1938)。Urbanism as a Way of Life。American Journal of Sociology,44(1),1-24。  new window
4.傅仰止(19951200)。都市人的社會心理特質:公私場域之分。中國社會學刊,18,17-73。new window  延伸查詢new window
會議論文
1.黃厚銘(1996)。資訊社會的community問題。臺北市。  延伸查詢new window
圖書
1.Halbwachs, Maurice、Ditter, Francis J. Jr.、Ditter, Vida Yazdi(1980)。The Collective Memory。Harper & Row。  new window
2.蔡智恆(1998)。第一次親密接觸。台北:紅色文化。  延伸查詢new window
3.Lofland, Lyn H.(1973)。A World of Strangers: Order and Action in Urban Public Space。New York:Basic Books。  new window
4.Fischer, Claude S.(1984)。The Urban Experience。Harcourt Brace Jovanovich。  new window
5.段義孚、潘桂成(1988)。經驗透視中的空間與地方。臺北:國立編譯館。  延伸查詢new window
6.Turkle, S.(1996)。Life on the screen: Identity in the age of the internet。New York, NY:London:Simon & Schuster:Weidenfeld & Nicholson。  new window
7.Wertheim, Margaret、薛絢(1999)。空間地圖:從但丁的空間到網路的空間。臺北:臺灣商務印書館。  延伸查詢new window
8.Dyson, Esther、李令儀、羅慧雯、許家馨(1998)。版本2.0:白宮與微軟都在聆聽的數位生活主張。臺北:大塊文化。  延伸查詢new window
9.Ritzer, George(1983)。Sociological Theory。New York:Alfred A. Knopf。  new window
10.Turkle, S.、譚天、吳佳真(1998)。虛擬化身:網路世代的身份認同。臺北:遠流。  延伸查詢new window
11.McLuhan, Marshall(1964)。Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man。Routledge & Kegan Paul。  new window
12.Giddens, Anthony(1991)。Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age。Cambridge:Blackwell Publishers。  new window
13.Berger, Peter、Luckmann, Thomas(1966)。The Social Construction of Reality: a treatise in the sociology of knowledge。Garden City, New York:Doubleday。  new window
14.Bourdieu, Pierre、Adamson, Matthew(1990)。In Other Words: Essays Towards a Reflexive Sociology。Stanford University Press。  new window
15.Goffman, Ervin(1959)。The Presentation of the Self in Everyday Life。New York:Doubleday Anchor。  new window
16.Gibson, William(1984)。Neuromancer。New York:Ace Books。  new window
17.Bourdieu, Pierre、Wacquant, Loïc J. D.(1992)。An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology。Ellis Ave:Polity Press。  new window
18.Simmel, Georg(1910)。Sociability。Georg Simmel on Individuality and Social Forms。Chicago, IL。  new window
19.Bogard, W. C.(1996)。Simmel in Cyberspace: Distance and Strangeness in Postmodern Communications。Simmel in Cyberspace: Distance and Strangeness in Postmodern Communications。沒有紀錄。  new window
20.Simmel, Georg(1971)。The Adventurer。Georg Simmel on Individuality and Social Forms。Chicago, IL。  new window
21.Wellman, Barry(1982)。Studying Personal Communities。Social Structure and Network Analysis。Beverly Hills。  new window
圖書論文
1.Simmel, Georg(1971)。The Metropolis and Mental Life。On Individuality and Social Forms。University of Chicago Press。  new window
2.Simmel, Georg、Levine, Donald N.(1971)。The Stranger。On Individuality and Social Forms: Selected Writings。Chicago, Illinois:University of Chicago Press。  new window
3.Wellman, B.、Gulia, M.。When Social Networks Meet Computer Networks: The Policy Implications of Virtual Communities。Communities in Cyberspace。New York:Routledge。  new window
 
 
 
 
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