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題名:多疑心態的結構背景:城鄉環境與就業身份
書刊名:臺灣社會學刊
作者:傅仰止 引用關係
作者(外文):Fu, Yang-chih
出版日期:2000
卷期:23
頁次:頁223-261
主題關鍵詞:多疑心態不信任感城鄉環境就業身份CynicismRural-urban milieuEmployment status
原始連結:連回原系統網址new window
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近年來台灣民眾對陌生人愈來愈不信任。這種不信任感容易發展成多疑心態,侵蝕人際互信的基礎,對社會秩序的維繫有害無益。本文從城鄉環境與就業身份兩項結構背景,探討多疑心態在日常生活各個層面上孕育的運作力量。實証分析依據「台灣地區社會變遷基本調查」三期二次問卷II資料(1996年調查,樣本數2831),探討對陌生人的不信任感如何因為這些結構背景而異。分析結果証實都市環境特別容易滋生多疑心態,尤其是現居地的環境更加重要。成長地的城鄉環境並不直接引起特殊效應,但是將成長地和現居地兩者交叉分析後,顯示那些在鄉村地區成長,目前又住在都市的民眾,最不輕易信任陌生人。多疑心態的結構背景,也透過就業身份的若干特徵清楚展現。文中分別檢驗就業行業與部門,以及管理監督結構中的位階等因素。多疑心態在次級與三級行業、自雇又雇人、受雇於私部門、服務與事務人員、高階主管這些群體或分類中特別盛行。其中行業的區別最為關鍵,不但本身的效應鮮明,甚至還有力地制約著其他相關因素對多疑心態的作用。整體言之,城鄉環境與行業別這兩大因素,都獨立於個人特徵之外,代表著從日常生活和工作層面來了解多疑心態結構背景的社會機制。
Cynicism has become more prevalent in Taiwan over the past few years. This study explains the structural backgrounds of such a cynicism in terms of the rural-urban milieu and employment status, based on the 1996 Taiwan Social Change Survey II (n= 2831). The urban background, especially the current urban residence, proves a key factor in breeding cynicism. Among the current urban residents, in particular, those who came from the countryside exhibit the strongest cynical outlook towards strangers. Such a cynical outlook is also more common among those who work in the secondary and tertiary sectors, those self-employers who also hire a few employees, who work in the private sector, who work as service administrators, as well as high-rank managers. Among the factors related to employment status, the industry exerts most consistent effects on cynicism. The findings lead to several suggestions for more comprehensive and complicated studies.
期刊論文
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6.傅仰止(19951200)。都市人的社會心理特質:公私場域之分。中國社會學刊,18,17-73。new window  延伸查詢new window
7.傅仰止傅仰止、伊慶春伊慶春(19940600)。容忍態度的結構肇因:都市背景、遷移經驗、異質聯繫。人文及社會科學集刊,6(2),257-301。new window  延伸查詢new window
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9.伊慶春、章英華(1989)。都市意象:以臺北市居民為例的探討。中國社會學刊,13,43-66。new window  延伸查詢new window
10.侯崇文(1985)。警察犬儒心態測量上的評估。社會學與社會工作,7,39-50。  延伸查詢new window
11.莊慧秋(1985)。都市中的唐吉訶德。張老師月刊,15(4),31-33。  延伸查詢new window
12.Goldner, Fred H.、Ritti, R. R.、Ference, T. P.(1977)。The Production of Cynical Knowledge in Organizations。American Sociological Review,42,539-551。  new window
13.Kanter, Donald L.(1989)。Cynical Marketers at Work。Journal of Advertising Research,1989,28-34。  new window
14.Kiong, Tong chee、Kee, Yong Pit(1998)。Guanxi Bases, Xinyong and Chinese Business Networks。British Journal of Sociology,49,75-96。  new window
15.Klinger, David A.(1996)。Negotiating Order in Patrol Work: An Ecological Theory of Police Response to Deviance。Criminology,35,277-306。  new window
16.Lofland, Lyn H.(1989)。Social Life in the Public Realm: A Review。Journal of Contemporary Ethnography,17(4),453-482。  new window
17.Milgram, Stanley(1970)。The Experience of Living in Cities。Science,167,1461-1468。  new window
18.Mortimer, J. T.、Lorence, J.(1979)。Work Experience and Occupational Value Socialization: A Longitudinal Study。American Journal of Sociology,84,1361-1385。  new window
19.Poole, Eric D.、Regoli, R. M.、Lotz, R. E.(1978)。Linkages between Professionalism, Work Alienation and Cynicism in Large and Small Police Departments。Social Science Quarterly,59,525-534。  new window
20.Regoli, R. M.、Poole, E. D.、Schrink, J. L.(1979)。Occupational Socialization and Career Development: A Look at Cynicism Among Correctional Workers。Human Organization,38,183-187。  new window
21.Stephan, G. Edward、McMullin, Douglas R.(1982)。Tolerance of Sexual Nonconformity: City Size as a Situational and Early Learning Determinant。American Sociological Review,47(3),411-415。  new window
會議論文
1.傅仰止(1997)。社會生活的公私交錯1997社會學研討會。中央研究院社會學研究所籌備處。  延伸查詢new window
研究報告
1.瞿海源(1996)。台灣社會變遷基本調查計劃:第三期第二次調查計劃執行報告 (計畫編號:NSC-85-2412-H-001-010-B1)。臺北:中央研究院社會學研究所籌備處。  延伸查詢new window
2.(1993)。臺灣社區社會意向調查八十二年二月定期調查執行報告。沒有紀錄。  延伸查詢new window
3.傅仰止(1992)。臺灣地區社會意向調查八十年八月定期調查報告。臺北。  延伸查詢new window
圖書
1.Lofland, Lyn H.(1973)。A World of Strangers: Order and Action in Urban Public Space。New York:Basic Books。  new window
2.Stouffer, Samuel A.(1955)。Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties: A Cross-Section of the Nation Speaks Its Mind。Garden City, NJ:John Wiley & Sons。  new window
3.蕭新煌、尹寶珊(1996)。公共領域的信心差距:臺灣與香港的比較。華人社會社會指標研究新領域。香港。  延伸查詢new window
4.Goldfarb, Jeffrey C.(1977)。The Cynical Society: The Culture of Politics and the Politics of Culture in American Life。The Cynical Society: The Culture of Politics and the Politics of Culture in American Life。Chicago, IL。  new window
5.Kanter, Donald L.、Mirvis, Philip H.(1989)。The Cynical Americans: Living and Working in an Age of Discontent and Disillusion。The Cynical Americans: Living and Working in an Age of Discontent and Disillusion。San Francisco, CA。  new window
6.Karp, David A.、Stone, Gregory P.、Yoles, William C.(1991)。Being Urban: A Sociology of City Life。Being Urban: A Sociology of City Life。New York, NY。  new window
7.Lipset, Seymour Martin、Schneider, William(1987)。The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind。The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind。Baltimore, MD。  new window
圖書論文
1.Simmel, Georg(1971)。The Metropolis and Mental Life。On Individuality and Social Forms。University of Chicago Press。  new window
2.張苙雲(1995)。當代台灣社會的信任與不信任。九〇年代的台灣社會。臺北:中央研究院社會學研究所籌備處。  延伸查詢new window
 
 
 
 
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