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題名:臺灣老人成功老化與活躍老化現況:多層次分析
書刊名:臺灣社會福利學刊
作者:徐慧娟 引用關係張明正
作者(外文):Hsu, Hui-chuanChang, Ming-cheng
出版日期:2004
卷期:3:2
頁次:頁1-36
主題關鍵詞:成功老化活躍老化健康指標多層次分析社區衛生Successful agingActive agingHealth indicatorsMultilevel analysisCommunity health
原始連結:連回原系統網址new window
相關次數:
  • 被引用次數被引用次數:期刊(51) 博士論文(19) 專書(0) 專書論文(3)
  • 排除自我引用排除自我引用:51
  • 共同引用共同引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:858
本研究以身體、心理、社會健康面條指標,分析臺灣老人成功老化與活躍老化情形,並探討個人因素和地區特性之影響。方法:來原為「臺灣地區老人保健與生活問題長期蹤調查系列研究調查」1999年,70歲以上樣本共2,310人。本研究定義「活躍老化」為身體、心理、社會常面向同時運作良好的狀態,著重老年生活仍維持獨立與參與,指標包括日常生活活動(ADL)與工具性日常生活活動( IADL)均未失能(身體健康):認知功能無失能與無憂症狀(心理健康);具高度社會支特與參與生產力活動(社會健康)。「成功老化」定義為滿足日常生活中身體、心理、社會健康基本需求,指標包括ADL未失能:認知功能無失能與無憂鬱症;具有高度社會支持。統計預層次邏輯迴歸統計分析;探討個人層次因素與地區層次因素的影響。
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe successful aging and active aging among the Taiwan elderly by physical, mental and social health indicators, and to explore the effects of individual and area characteristics to provide the policy suggestions for the health promotion of the elderly. Methods: Data came from the 1999 “Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan”, samples were drawn from those aged 70 years or over, totally 2,130 persons. We defined “active aging”, an advanced criteria of elder health, included physical, mental and social dimensions and simultaneously running well, and emphasized the independence and participation. Active aging indicators included normal ADLs and IADLs for physical health, normal cognitive function and absence of depressive symptoms for mental health, and high social support and participation of productive activities for social health. Successful aging was defined as basic criteria of elder health, including indicators of normal ADLs, normal cognitive function and absence of depressive symptoms, and with high social support. Individual and area effects to successful/active aging were analyzed by multi-level logistic regression analysis.
期刊論文
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25.Merlo, J.、Östergren, P-O、Hagberg, O.、Lindström, M.、Lindgren, A.、Melander, A.、Råstam, L.、Berglund, G.(2001)。Diastolic Blood Pressure and Area of Residence: Multilevel Versus Ecological Analysis of Social Inequity。Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health,55,791-798。  new window
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27.Reijneveld, S. A.、Verheij, R. A.、de Bakker, D. H.(2000)。The Impact of Area Deprivation on Differences in Health: Does the Choice of the Geographical Classification Matter?。Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health,54,306-313。  new window
28.Singh, G. K(2003)。Area Deprivation and Widening Inequalities in US Mortality, 1969-1998。American Journal of Public Health,93(7),1137-1143。  new window
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31.Sundquist, J.、Malmström, M.、Johansson, S-E.(1999)。Cardiovascular Risk Factor and the Neighborhood Environment: A Multilevel Analysis。International Journal of Epidemiology,28,841-845。  new window
32.Weich, S.、Twigg, L.、Holt, G.、Lewis, G.、Jones, K.(2003)。Contextual Risk Factors for the Common Mental Disorders in Britain: A Multilevel Investigation of the Effects of Place。Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health,57,616-621。  new window
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研究報告
1.Taiwan Provincial Institute of Family Planning(1989)。1989 Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan: Questionnaire and Survey Design。  new window
2.徐慧娟、張明正(2004)。臺灣老人之成功老化研究 (計畫編號:NSC 92-2320-B-468-001)。台北市:科技部。  延伸查詢new window
學位論文
1.胡澤芷(1997)。臺灣地區老人健康狀況之動態分析:多重狀態生命表的應用與分析(碩士論文)。國立中正大學。  延伸查詢new window
2.林慧淳(2001)。地區剝奪與死亡率之相關:以台灣為例(碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學。  延伸查詢new window
3.郭怡汾(2001)。社經地位、地區剝奪與老人存活狀況(碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學。  延伸查詢new window
圖書
1.Berkman, Lisa F.、Kawachi, Ichiro(2000)。Social epidemiology。New York:Oxford University Press。  new window
2.World Health Organization(20020401)。Active ageing: A policy framework。World Health Organization。  new window
3.吳淑瓊、張明正(1997)。臺灣老人健康照護之現況分析。台北:臺灣省家庭計畫研究所。  延伸查詢new window
4.Goldstein, H.(1987)。Multilevel Models in Educational and Social Research。London:Charles Griffin。  new window
5.Commission of the European Communities, European Union(1999)。Towards a Europe for All Ages-Promoting Prosperity and Intergenerational Solidarity。Brussels:European Union。  new window
6.Marmot, M. G.、Wilkinson, R. G.(2001)。1999 Social Determinants of Health。New York:Oxford Express。  new window
其他
1.行政院主計處第三局統計資料中心(2004)。台灣各縣市重要統計指標,http://www. dgbasey.gov.tw/dgbas03/bs8/city/default.htm。  延伸查詢new window
2.Hsu, H. C.,Chang, M.C.(2004)。Physical, Mental, and Social Health: Defining the Successful Aging and Active Aging Indicators in Cross-Cultural Application。  new window
圖書論文
1.Rowe, J. Wallis、Kahn, Robert L.(1998)。The Structure of Successful Aging。Successful Aging。New York:Random House。  new window
2.張明正(1997)。臺灣地區高齡人口自評健康及功能障礙之追蹤研究。人口老化與老年照護論文集。臺北:中華民國人口學會。  延伸查詢new window
3.Baltes, P. B.、Baltes, M. M.(1990)。Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the model of selective optimization with compensation。Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences。New York, NY:Cambridge University Press。  new window
4.Schaie, K. W.(1990)。The Optimization of cognitive functioning in old age: Predictions based on cohort-sequential and longitudinal data。Successful Aging: Perspectives of behavioral Science。Cambridge:Cambridge University Press。  new window
5.Sallis, J. F.、Owen, N.(2002)。Ecological models of health behavior。Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice。San Francisco:Jossey-Bass。  new window
 
 
 
 
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